October 21, 2018 08:11:13
Every-so-often Grammar/Phrase/Word
I don't think I'm gonna agree with that. Way too much visual confusion... -- Larry Wall in <199709021627.JAA11966@wall.org>
:: RSS FEED
:: SEARCH
Post
.: よう に (you ni)2 | 2004-03-15 12:18AM :.
よう に (you ni)2
Basic meaning: so [that]
Comments: Do something in such a way that ~
Key sentences:
  1. 読めるように字をきれいに書いて下さい。
    yomeru you ni ji o kirei ni kaite kudasai.
    Please write neatly so I can read it.
    See footnote 1.
  2. 風邪を引かないように気をつけて下さい。
    kaze o hikanai you ni ki o tukete kudasai.
    Please take care [of yourself] so you don't catch a cold.
    See footnote 2.
Formation: (plain imperfect verb) よう に
  • 読めるように
    yomeru you ni
  • 引かないように
    hikanai you ni
Additional examples:
  1. 僕が分かるように山田さんはゆっくり日本語を話してくれた。
    boku ga wakaru you ni yamadasan wa yukkuri nihongo o hanasite kureta.
    Mr. Tanaka spoke Japanese slowly so I could understand.
    See footnote 3.
  2. 遅れないようにタクシーで行た。
    okurenai you ni takusi de itta.
    I went by taxi so I wouldn't be late.
Usage notes:

While this form can be used with almost any plain imperfect verb, it is most commonly used with verbs in the negative and potential forms.

Footnotes:
  1. More natural is the following sentence:
    読みやすい字を書いて下さい。
    yomiyasui ji o kaite kudasai.
    Please write so I can read it. (Lit. Please write easy-to-read characters.)
  2. This is somewhat commonly said, especially during cold winter months.
  3. More natural is the following sentence:
    山田さんはゆっくり日本語を話してくれたので、分かりやすかった。
    yamadasan wa yukkuri nihongo o hanasite kureta node, wakariyasukatta.
    Mr. Yamada spoke Japanese slowly so I could understand. (lit. Because Mr. Yamada spoke Japanese slowly for me, it was easy to understand.)
Comments
No comments yet.

Add a comment
Note: The information you enter (including your name and email address) will be displayed publicly.
Name:
Email (optional):
Type "human"
(without quotes, to
indicate that you're
not a spammer)
Subject:
Body:Line breaks are converted to <br>'s, and all HTML tags except b, u, i, tt, and pre are filtered out.
 
Copyright 2003-2018 Adam Milazzo. Verbatim copying and redistribution of this entire page are permitted without royalty in any medium provided this notice is preserved.